Texas Revolution

Battle of the Alamo

The Battle of the Alamo

Cannon and flag from Gonzales

Cannon and "Come Take It" flag from Gonzales

After the resistance in Gonzales, the colonists of Texas again fought Mexican troops in Goliad. Soon after this, delegates met in San Felipe and agreed to form a government, though only temporarily. Sam Houston was made head of the Army. While most support came from the American immigrants, a few Tejanos also joined in the revolt. Toward the end of the year, the capital, San Antonio, had been taken by the colonists. This was partly because of the capture of the Alamo from Mexican hands. "Though Sam Houston, the newly appointed commander-in-chief of the Texan forces, argued that San Antonio should be abandoned due to insufficient troop numbers, the Alamo’s defenders–led by Bowie and Travis–dug in nonetheless, prepared to defend the fort to the last." Unfortunately, very soon after their defeat, Mexico struck back with a vengeance. "On February 23, a Mexican force comprising somewhere between 1,800 and 6,000 men... and commanded by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna began a siege of the fort. The Texans held out for 13 days, but on the morning of March 6 Mexican forces broke through a breach in the outer wall of the courtyard and overpowered them. Santa Anna ordered his men to take no prisoners, and only a small handful of the Texans were spared." While Santa Anna defeated the colonists, they used this defeat to create a battle cry, "Remember the Alamo!"

Losing only once more in Goliad, Sam Houston's forces managed to prevail in the Battle of San Jacinto. The Texans launched a surprise attack against Santa Anna's forcecs and took hundred prisoner, including Santa Anna himself. This brought about a swift end to the Texas Revolution as Santa Anna agreed to recognize Texas as independent.10