Treaties of Camp Moultrie, Payne's Landing, and Fort Gibson

James Gadsden, a Negotiator of the Treaty of Payne's Landing

James Gadsden, Key Negotiator in the Treaty of Payne's Landing

Three different treaties were involved with the removal of the Seminoles. It had been said that treaties regarding the Creek tribe also involved the Seminoles and their relocation as well, but the Seminoles were not involved and were unaware of those agreements. 

The three main treaties regarding the Seminoles are the Treaty of Moultrie Creek, the Treaty of Payne's Landing, and the Treaty of Fort Gibson.

Treaty Of Moultrie Creek

Oppression of the Seminoles started in 1821. When Florida was bought from Spain by the United States, the Treaty of Moultrie Creek relocated the Seminoles to Central Florida. The land in the reservation provided to the Seminoles in this treaty was not fit for their herding and planting. This treaty also said that the Americans could build roads through their reservation.

Treaty of Payne's Landing

The Treaty of Payne's Landing was negotiated by James Gadsden in 1832. It called for the Indian tribe of the Seminoles to move to land west of the Mississippi along with another tribe, the Creeks. The treaty more or less asked the Seminoles to blend and become one tribe with the Creeks. The treaty also required that the Seminoles not bring any of the African-Americans from their land, but leave them behind to be used as slaves. 

Treaty of Fort Gibson

The Creek lands designated for the Seminoles in the Treaty of Payne's landing was forced to be accepted by delegates of the Seminoles. When the news of the treaty reached the rest of the Seminoles, they were unhappy. They planned to resist. 1835 was set as the year that Seminoles would have to start emigrating to the new land.

In 1835, resistance of the Seminoles and persistance of the American government led to the Second Seminole War.  

Treaties of Camp Moultrie, Payne's Landing, and Fort Gibson