Indian Removal Act of 1830

Andrew Jackson Portrait

Andrew Jackson, 1835. 

In the early 19th century, as Manifest Destiny was drilled deep into the hearts of the new settlers, it was widely believed that Native Americans were one of the greatest obstacles they had to face. The people began petitioning to have the Natives removed, as to make it easier for them to move into the regions of the United States that would later be Alabama and Mississippi. As a long time fighter against Native Americans, Andrew Jackson took a strong stand for the cause. He had previously led an expedition against the Creek Indians in the Battle of Horse Shoe Bend, which ended up with the Indians forfeiting over twenty-million acres of their traditional land. 

Indian Removal Act of 1830

Indian Removal Act of 1830

Andrew Jackson ended up being the biggest supporter and enforcer of the Indian Removal Act. He encouraged Congress to accept and pass the Removal Act, which gave the President allowance to grant land to the Indian Tribes that agreed to give up their homelands, the biggest tribes affected were the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole. Andrew Jackson attempted to incentivise the move by giving them the proper financial and material asssitance they would need during the migration. 

Indian Removal Act of 1830