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The Black Hawk War


The Black Hawk War was a momentary military skirmish between the United States government and Native Americans that lasted from April 6th to August 27th, 1832. Sauk war chief, Black Hawk, was attempting to resettle his tribe back into former Indian territory (now Illinois), after losing it in the controversial 1804 Treaty of St. Louis. Black Hawk claims his attempt at resettlement was intended to be peaceful, however, Illinois state militia were quickly notified of Indian trespassers and the war broke out. Black Hawk War began and ended the Native American’s struggle to reclaim their land in the Great Lakes region, after a crushing defeat by Illinois militia and other Native American tribes. This event not only further solidified the powerful Indian Removal Act of 1830 but also created a dependent relationship for the Native Americans with the United States.

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