Organizing in Other States in America
Although New York and Pennsylvania were leading the way for unions, other states were also organizing in the northern part of the United States. In the 1820s, strikes were spreading in states along the eastern coast. According to Flippelli,“in 1831, the New England Association of Farmers, Mechanics, and other Workingmen formed”what was considered the first organized labor group outside New York and Pennsylvania. After this time there continued to be protest and unrest in Massachusetts, until the next union of “the Lowell Female Labor Reform Association was formed in the textile mill in Lowell, Massachusetts in 1844” according to Foner. “This union was formed after strikes in 1834 and 1843 in the Lowell factory for better hours and wages” an article from n the Boston Daily Globe stated. In the 1830s and ‘40s, unions were forming in North Carolina, West Virginia, and Rhode Island as an example of the widespread movement of unions in America. During this same time period, unions in the new Ohio territory were forming— like the garment union in Chicago— that pushed their agenda by striking for better wages and working conditions.