New York

New York labor

New York Labor Movement via Google images

Union Strong New York

Union, standing strong, New York City via Google images

During this same time period, there was another state that was experiencing a newfound labor movement: New York. Just like in Pennsylvania, “the Journeymen Cordwainers Union was formed, but in 1805,  this union instituted a clause in the New York City constitution that was for a closed-shop in their workplace,” according to Flippelli. The meaning of closed-shop is that every person hired in the workplace had to be a member of the Journeymen Cordwainers Union. These two movements in two different states led to “the National Cooperative Association of Cordwainers being formed in New York City as the first national union for a specific craft in 1836” as found in the “Labor Conflict in the United States.” During this rapid change in America, led by the Market Revolution and the Second Great Awakening, the city of New York was on the front line in people organizing and speaking out for workers in this new world. A New York Times article stated that “the large assembly of tailors came to the forefront to speak out for better wages and to band the entire craft into unions,” this led to another organization. “In 1825, the United Tailoresses of New York were formed becoming the first all women’s union in America” as cited in the “Labor Conflict in the United States.”