Primary Sources 

Appeal by the Convention of Michigan, to the People of the United States: With Other Documents, in Relation to the Boundary Question between Michigan and Ohio. Detroit, Mich.: S. M'Knight, 1835. Michigan State University Rare Books and Special Collections.

Journal of the Legislative Council of the Territory of Michigan, Being the First Session of the First Council. Begun and Held at the City of Detroit, June 7, 1824. Detroit, Mich.: Sheldon and Reed, 1824. 

Northwest Ordinance, July 13, 1787; (National Archives Microfilm Publication M332, roll 9); Miscellaneous Papers of the Continental Congress, 1774-1789; Records of the Continental and Confederation Congresses and the Constitutional Convention, 1774-1789, Record Group 360. 


Secondary Sources

Dunbar, Willis Frederick, and George S. May. Michigan: A History of the Wolverine State. Grand Rapids, Mich: W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co, 1995. 

Farmer, Silas. The History of Detroit and Michigan: Or, The Metropolis Illustrated ; a Chronological Cyclopaedia of the Past and Present, Including a Full Record of Territorial Days in Michigan, and the Annals of Wayne County. Detroit, Mich.: S. Farmer, 1889.  

Hemans, Lawton T. History of Michigan. Lansing, Mich.: The Hammond Publishing Company, 1914.

"Michigan at 200." The Mitten, Michigan History Magazine (January 2005). 

Quaife, M.M. and Sidney Glazer. Michigan: From Primitive Wilderness to Industial Commonwealth. New York: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1948.

Stevens, Walter W. "Lewis Cass and the Presidency." Michigan History, vol. 49, no. 2 (June 1965): 123.

Woodford, Frank B. Lewis Cass: The Last Jeffersonian. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1950.

The Great Seal of the State of Michigan.

The Great Seal of the State of Michigan. The seal was created by the 1835 constitution and has remained the same since. Though Michigan did not attain statehood until 1837, the official state seal lists A.D. MDCCCXXXV (1835).