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Union to Disunion

Andrew Jackson

Indian Removal Act

Bill passed in 1830 known as the Indian Removal Act. This bill enacted forced relocation of Native Americans.

Voices From the Trail of Tears

Exerpt from "Voices From the Trail of Tears":

"Dr. Townsend took an active interest in the health of his patients. When the emigration party became too ill to move, he spoke with the conductor, B. B. Cannon, to request a halt. He also asked that tents be supplied for the emigrating party. He was clearly frustrated when patients didn't take his advice on what to eat and when they declined the medicines he prescribed.

Townsend attached an "Abstract of the Number of Deaths" to his report. There, he listed the deaths of eleven children and four adults. Five children age two or under died of cholera infantum. One infant died of convulsions, and two died of "yaws," which may have involved some form of spasms or convulsions. Three older children died of dysentery. Two adults died of typhus fever and two of inflammation of the lungs.

Dr. Townsend remarked that one of the children who died of dysentery was "killed by the use of astringent Roots." It's not clear if this was something he prescribed or something that was recommended by a Cherokee medicine man. Regarding an adult, age sixty-five, who died of typhus fever, Townsend noted that the "disease [was] brought on by excessive fatigue and exposure from hunting" and that the victim "would not take medicine." "

Andy jack

Andrew Jackson, President of the United States 1829-1837.

While expanding westward was in the country's interests during the early 1800s, it wasn't until Andrew Jackson's election that Manifest Destiny, the idea that mainland America belonged to whites, really came to the forefront of United States policy. The idea of mainifest destiny was first developed by John L. O'Sullivan, a well-known advocate of Jacksonian Democracy. O'Sullivan believed it was America's "divine destiny" to settle westward and "establish on earth the moral dignity and salvation of man." This belief that it was our duty to settle mainland America created a superiority complex in Americans, which was on display when Andrew Jackson passed the Indian Removal Act. Not only was the act used to clear land for white settlement, but Jackson also passed the act due to his belief that the Natives could never be as "civilized" as whites.