King Cheng of the Qin Dynasty ascended to the throne of China at the age of thirteen with regent Lu Buwei. As the king got older, he dismissed his regent and was then able to conquer the rest China Proper with the help of his new advisor Li Si. At the end of his conquest, King Cheng named himself emperor (huangdi) of China.

     The First Emperor established a strong central government in China based on the legalist system of rule. He held complete control over his provincial officials and standardized writing, weights, and measurements. Additionally, the First Emperor improved the obselete infrastructure of China to facilitate the economy and administration. However, due to his obsession with death, the First Emperor wanted to find ways to extend his life and began the construction of a tomb for himself.

According to the description found in the Records of the Grand Historian, written by the Han dynasty historian Sima Qian, Qin Shi Huang’s Mausoleum contains "palaces and scenic towers for a hundred officials", as well as numerous artifacts and treasures. Morepver, his tomb included an extensive terra cotta army for his defense in the afterlife. The soldiers were hand made and assembled, with extreme detail and a variety of physical features. Also included in the tomb was a variety of entertainers like acrobats and musicians.