Building of the Tomb

The tomb of the first Qin Emperor

Qin Shi Huang's unexcavated tomb

Map of Qin Shi Huang's Tomb

The lay-out of the tomb

The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor, Qin Shi Huang, is divided into inner and outer cities. The circumference of the inner city is 1.55 miles, and the circumference of the outer city is 3.9 miles. The Mausoleum was located in old Qin capital Xiangyang, now Xi An, Shanxi Province. According to historical records, the Mausoleum was constructed over 38 years. It is built underneath a 76-meter-tall tomb, which is shaped like a truncated pyramid. Additionally, the two major rivers of China, the Yangtze and the Yellow River, were simulated in the tomb using mercury and flow into the great sea.

Despite there is written records about the existence of Qin Shi Huang's Mausoleum, it was only discovered in the 20th century and it is unknown whether it was discovered before. The Mausoleum has not been excavated completely yet. Qin Shi Huang's tomb itself has not been excavated , although according to Sima Qian's writing, there are even more greater treasure in His tomb. Archaeologists are currently working on various sites surrounding the tomb, including the famous Terracotta Army, bronze and precious stones like pearls in the east of the tomb.