Empress Lu was born in Shanfu in 241 B.C. during the late Qin Dynasty. Her family fled from enemies in the Qin and later her dad became really close to the Pei County magistrate where she then met her eventual husband. Before Empress Lu came to her power, she was known best for being a consort for Emperor Gaozu. Before her reign of being Empress in the Han Dynasty, she was most commonly known for her position as being a mom as well. Her and her husband had two children together, Liu Ying and Princess Yuan of Lu. After her husband had passed away, their son inherited the throne, Liu Ying also known as Huidi, and even though he was young, the empress was appointed to assist the young boy in making really huge decisions. Her son did not have much say when it came to the ruling of the Han Dynasty because, Empress Lu did all of the dirty work when it came to the empire itself. During her actual rule, Empress Lu is most known for removing her husband’s family off court and replacing them with her own. She also had one of her husband’s fellow consorts killed because of how much she hated her. Empress Lu always got what she wanted and was admired for her ruthlessness at the hands of others. Her son was not the only heir to the throne but in order to keep her power, it is said that she murdered any prince that could possibly take her power away. She had the control of the Han in her fingertips and nothing was going to get in her way. She ruled from 188 -180 B.C.E.
After Empress Lu died in 180 B.C.E., all of her family were removed from the royal court and they were mostly assassinated. Her body was put into the tomb of her late husband Emperor Gaozu. Their tomb together got raided and her body got destroyed by the people who infiltrated their resting place. Empress Lu is most known for her ruthless during her reign and not being afraid to kill anyone that got in her way. She is most also remembered for stabilizing the Han Dynasty and making sure that her family got to stay in power as long as possible no matter if they were supposed to be there or not. Her legacy will always stay with the Han Dynasty as she was the first Empress of China.