Americans believed that the Chinese were far from ever being able to fully assimilate into the American culture. They believed their appearance was even too distinct to accept them as being equal, verses being considered inferior in all political, economic, and cultural aspects. This perspective gave the prominent image of the Chinese stereotype that seemed to entertain Americans in all fields of political life. This depiction was emphasized in caricatures in magazines, newspapers, post cards, trade cards, advertisements, and any other form of image that was intended to meet the eyes of the American public.
Americans discriminated so strongly against the Chinese in that they believed any effort to assimilate them would be a failure for a number of factors. These factors that inhibited assimilation included the way they dressed, the foods they ate, the different language they spoke (although any other immigrant also could speak a different language), the traditions they practiced, and so on. To the American eye, the Chinese man stood out of any other cultural group, and because of that, the discrimination led way to the most common stereotype during the late 19th century.
This may or may not be an effort to discriminate against the Chinese (left), but it is especially an effort to deteriorate the cultural appearance of the Chinese man as the woman literaly chops off the Chinese man's braided ponytail. The picture can be considered a way to assimilate the man into the rest of society as the woman's intentions are to break his traditions that are rooted in China and adapt to the "normal" look of the white people in America. Even further, the woman has images expressed on her attire that are from the wake of the 19th century. With the expanion of railroads and telephone wires acorss the nation, the woman furthers the characteristics of the 19th century United States with assimilating the Chinese man by eliminating the appearance that came from China.
The picture here (left) depicts an establishment of a Chinese School that has the goals to assimilate the Chinese into American society. The school is intended to teach Chinese individuals, mostly about the age of 18 and especially those who are high in age, to learn the English language and adapt the Christian religion...both priorities that were considered necessary or normal to American society during this time. The advertisement includes information about the school such as days and hours of operation both for the language and religion teachings. For the abundance of images that depict the Chinese culture in forms of discriminating against them, this one however strays away from the practice of using stereotypes and is more focused on teaching them the American lifestyle rather than excluding them out.