Homo neanderthalensis

Dublin Core


Homo neanderthalensis


Johanson, D. T.,& Edgar, B. (1996) From Lucy to Language. New York: Simon & Schuster Editions

Fossil Item Type Metadata


Hisashi Suzuki

Specimen Name/Nickname

Amud 1

Location (Country)


Site (Name)

Amud Cave

Discovery Date

June 28, 1961

Specimen/Species Time Range

40,000-50,000 years

Dating Method

Initially tried radiocarbon dating, eventually used Electron Spin Resonance

Specimen Data (Morphology)

This is an adult male skeleton. Amud would have stood 1.8 meters tall which is the tallest known Neanderthal specimen to have been found. The cranial capacity is 1740cc, which is also the largest known cranial capacity to have been found of any Neanderthal. Amud died around age 25. There is a complete set of 32 teeth, which are relatively small for such a large individual. The features of Amud fall within the range of European Neanderthals. The brow ridge is more slender than other Neanderthals. The eye sockets have sharply defined margins, compared to normally rounded. The maxilla is less inflated in the cheeks, and has a more marked chin. The cranium is wide and long, longer than modern humans. The mastoid process is present and is near the size of humans and larger than Neanderthal's.


amud 1 david brill .gif
Date Added
April 17, 2017
Early Homo Group 3
Item Type
“Homo neanderthalensis,” Hominid Fossil Repository, accessed May 23, 2022, http://projects.leadr.msu.edu/hominidfossils/items/show/74.