D3444/D3900

Dublin Core

Title

D3444/D3900

Subject

Dmanisi skull 4

Source

Tsvariani, D. (n.d.). Hominins. Retrieved April 18, 2017, from http://dmanisi.ge/page?id=12&lang=en

Fossil Item Type Metadata

Discoverer(s)

A team led by David Lordkipanidze

Specimen Name/Nickname

Dmanisi Skull 4

Location (Country)

Republic of Georgia

Site (Name)

Dmanisi

Discovery Date

2002

Specimen/Species Time Range

1.77 million years old

Dating Method

In 2000, uneroded basaltic lava under the Dmanisi site was absolutely dated to 1.85 million years ago.

Specimen Data (Morphology)

The mandible associated with this skull, D3900, was discovered in 2004. The tooth sockets (alveolus) of the mandible are completely empty and refilled in with bone, indicating this individual was edentulous for some period of time, surviving on soft plants and meats and the help of other individuals within his social unit.

D3444, the individual's skull, has a cranial capacity of 650 cm3. The individual is clearly an adult and paleoanthropologists speculate that the individual would have been male. Many of its features display what we have come to expect in Homo males. There is a broad glabellar region, a large brow ridge, the mastoid processes and region are large and well-developed, and the upper face region is comparatively large.

Files

dskull4.jpg
D3900.jpg
Date Added
March 21, 2017
Collection
Early Homo Group 3
Item Type
Fossil
Citation
“D3444/D3900,” Hominid Fossil Repository, accessed August 19, 2019, http://projects.leadr.msu.edu/hominidfossils/items/show/32.