Homo antecessor

Dublin Core


Homo antecessor


Arsuaga, J., Martı́, nez, I., Lorenzo, C., Gracia, A., Muñoz, A., . . . Gallego, J. (1999). The human cranial remains from gran dolina lower pleistocene site (sierra de atapuerca, spain). Journal of Human Evolution, 37(3), 431-457. doi:10.1006/jhev.1999.0309

Carretero, J. M., Lorenzo, C., & Arsuaga, J. L. (1999). Axial and appendicular skeleton of homo antecessor. Journal of Human Evolution, 37(3), 459-499. doi:10.1006/jhev.1999.0342

Wayman, Erin. (2012, November 26). Homo antecessor: Common Ancestor of Humans and Neanderthals?. Smithsonian.com Retrieved from http://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/homo-antecessor-common-ancestor-of-humans-and-neanderthals-143357767/

Fossil Item Type Metadata


Eudald Carbonell, Juan Luis Arsuage, J.M. Bermudez de Castro

Type Specimen


Location (Country)


Site (Name)

Gran Dolina, Atapuerca

Discovery Date


Specimen/Species Time Range

1.2 million years ago – 800,000 years ago

Specimen Data (Morphology)

The species is defined by the type specimen, ATD6-69, a juvenile partial facial cranium; the individual estimated to be between 10 and 11.5 years old. The specimen shows a relatively modern midface that is oriented slightly backwards and inferiorly sloping to produce a canine fossa. This specimen also displays a horizontal zygomaxillary border and a sharp lower nasal margin. There is evidence that suggests sinus expansion during adolescence that would fill in the maxillary hollow space, this would make the Pleistocene samples not resemble modern humans once they reached adulthood. Homo antecessor has a prominent double-arched supraorbital torus and a protruding occipital bun, both are distinctly primitive features. Postcranially, the axial skeleton closely resembles anatomically modern Homo sapiens while the slender clavicle is more aligned with Homo neanderthalensis


Gran Dolina Td6 Clavicles.png
Gran Dolina TD6 Vertebrae.png
Date Added
March 21, 2017
Early Homo Group 3
Item Type
“Homo antecessor,” Hominid Fossil Repository, accessed July 13, 2020, http://projects.leadr.msu.edu/hominidfossils/items/show/13.